Although technically OneDrive doesn’t fall under the umbrella of online backup software it can still be used to that end.
In this article, you’ll learn how to backup files to OneDrive on a computer and mobile devices. In addition to that, we’ll discuss if it is secure storage for your sensitive data and how to backup OneDrive for business.
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How to backup computer to OneDrive
OneDrive is a flexible tool. It works on various devices and OS. All you need is an internet connection, a browser, and a Microsoft account. Send your files and folders to the cloud in just a few clicks. Download them whenever necessary.
To facilitate information transfer from your Windows or Mac, Microsoft provides a special app. Upon installing it, a sync folder will be added on your device. Anything you store there will automatically appear in your OneDrive space.
Furthermore, Office 365 apps installed on your computer will begin saving their files in the sync folder (unless you assign other saving preferences).
Keep in mind, however, that you’ll need to backup all other files either by saving them to your OneDrive or by dragging or copying them there.
Remember, that you need an Internet connection. Otherwise, you won’t be able to synchronize the OneDrive folder on your PC with the cloud. You can make changes to the files and folders offline. They’ll be synchronized automatically once you go online on the respective PC.
This section contains a detailed guide to backup OneDrive using an app and without it.
Using OneDrive for backup with the installed app
To automatically sync files to OneDrive you need a special tool installed on your PC. (Windows or Mac OS). If you already have it, skip steps 1-10 and go straight to step 11:
1. To install OneDrive desktop go to Microsoft’s page. Download the app and initiate the setup:
2. Open the OneDrive program. You’ll be asked to enter your email. If you don’t have an account or you want to create a new one, click on the respective button:
3. You will be redirected to the OneDrive section of the Microsoft website. Click ‘Sign up for free.’
4. Enter your email to create an account.
5. Once you complete the signup, you will be redirected to your OneDrive personal page:
6. Now it’s time to complete synchronization. Return to the OneDrive application. Enter the email address of your account.
7. Choose the placement for your OneDrive folders. By default, it will be placed on C:\Users\[Username]\Onedrive but you can change it by clicking on the ‘Change location’ button below.
8. The program will offer to sync your OneDrive with your PC, you can opt in or out by ticking the boxes:
9. To make your OneDrive experience better, you can get the mobile app and work with your files on the go.
10. That completes the synchronization of your OneDrive with your computer. Press ‘Open my Onedrive Folder’ to start the backup of your important information.
Here’s how your default OneDrive folder looks like on Windows 10:
11. Backing up your files and folders to your OneDrive.
Let’s say you need to store a folder with important screenshots to OneDrive and use them on another PC. There are two ways to do it. First, you can simply drag the folder to the OneDrive folder (or any folder within OneDrive) on your computer.
Second, you can copy and paste the folder from its original destination to OneDrive.
There’s a difference between these two methods. With drag-and-drop, you’ll have one copy of your folder on your PC (in OneDrive folder) and one on the cloud.
In the case of copypasting, you will get two identical copies of this folder on your computer and one copy on the cloud. However, only one copy will be synchronized with the cloud, the one that is stored in the OneDrive folder.
Let’s say you had a folder ‘Screenshots’ located in ‘Pictures’ and then you copy-pasted it to OneDrive folder. If you add a new file to the initial folder (in ‘Pictures’) it won’t appear in your cloud. To make it happen you need to copy or drag this file to the second folder.
How to backup files to OneDrive without an installed app (OneDrive for Linux OS)
Sometimes, you can’t install the OneDrive app on the PC you are using. It might be somebody else’s computer or it might have an OS other than Windows or Mac. You still can backup your files.
Here’s an example of backing up your folders and files on Ubuntu (Linux OS). Note that it can be applied to any OS.
Backing up the folder:
1. Go to your OneDrive folder and click Upload as shown in the picture below:
2. Choose what you want to upload (Files or Folders).
3. Then, in the pop-up window, pick a folder you wish to upload. Confirm the action.
4. Wait until the upload is complete.
How to backup files to your OneDrive:
1. Open the destination folder and click ‘Upload.’ Choose ‘Files’:
2. Select the file in the pop-up window:
3. Wait for the download to complete.
4. Another way is to drag and drop your files to backup on OneDrive:
How to extract information from your OneDrive to a computer without the app:
Sometimes you’ll need to download files from your OneDrive to a computer that has no sync folder and app. It’s easy.
1. Open your OneDrive in a browser. You might need to log in first.
2. Pick a folder or a file you want to download. Right-click on it and select ‘Download’ option.
3. If you download a folder, you’ll get a zip file. So if you don’t have a tool to unzip, the easiest way is to download files instead of a folder.
How to stop backing up all the Office 365 files to OneDrive
As we mentioned in the beginning, Office 365 apps installed on your PC save all your files to your OneDrive automatically. This is a great feature but not always. You might have another cloud storage. Or you might share your PC with other people (e.g. your children). Or you might be short on cloud space. In this case, you would want to store only certain files.
In order not to “clean” unwanted data from your OneDrive, you can change the saving location for your Office 365 apps.
1. Open the application and click Options in the left bottom corner:
2. You will see a popup window. Go to the ‘Save’ tab and tick ‘Save to my Computer by default’. Then pick the location on your Computer other than OneDrive:
3. You can backup the files on OneDrive manually every time you have the necessity.
How to backup data to OneDrive on your mobile device
OneDrive has an app for mobile devices. You can download it here. Here’s how you can sync your mobile with OneDrive:
1. Open the app and log in.
2. You’ll have access to your stored data. To add more files simply tap on three dots in the upper right corner.
3. Select Add items. Keep in mind that you need to give access to your files to OneDrive.
Is OneDrive a safe backup for sensitive data?
As mentioned above, OneDrive isn’t a cloud backup tool. Technically, it’s a cloud sync software with storage capacity. There’s a cool article on the Techradar explaining the difference between these types of tools. We summarized it in the table below:
Since OneDrive is a cloud sync tool. The level of data safety here is low. However, most people and even companies perceive it as a safe backup. The recent series of cyberattacks in the UK showed how vulnerable OneDrive is in reality. Many firms that were using it as computer backup services had to pay a ransom.
Unfortunately, the power of the Microsoft brand gives people a false impression of safety. Furthermore, the tool is marketed as safe cloud storage.
Are there any threats to my data stored on OneDrive?
There are several concerns around your data safety on OneDrive:
1. Manual deletion of files and folders
Be it an evil intent or accident, who cares if your sensitive data is gone?
Any person who has the rights to edit your files and folders can easily delete them:
Luckily, OneDrive has a Recycle bin with Restore function:
Unluckily, there’s a delete function too. Now, there’s no way you can restore your folder and files.
The worst part is that it gets synchronized with the OneDrive folder on your computer once it goes online.
Keep in mind that Office 365 for business enables Data Retention policies and labels. You can apply them to files that should remain unchanged. In this case, it’ll be impossible to edit or delete them.
2. Human factor
The nature of OneDrive makes it especially exposed to the impact of human factors. Let’s take a closer look at each of them:
a. File Sharing
OneDrive is a collaboration tool. That’s why there’s always a risk to share your sensitive data with third parties.
Unless the admin has set the sharing restrictions for certain types of data, users of OneDrive for Business can freely give access and edit rights to your data to anyone. There are three standard options for sharing OneDrive docs:
- with other users of your company’s OneDrive
- with certain people by their email
- with anyone on the Internet
The last method is the riskiest. However, it’s a default option. So a person might use this option automatically.
To tackle this problem, companies need to create policies on using and sharing docs.
There’s another aspect of sharing that makes OneDrive especially vulnerable. The more files you have the harder it is to monitor and control risks.
For example, Company ABC has 50 employees. On average, each of them has 20 files in 5 folders. Additionally, each of the firm’s 5 departments has 50 files in 10 folders for the department’s use only and 20 files in 2 folders shared with other departments. Furthermore, there are 50 files in 10 folders shared across the company. In addition to that, there are about 300 files that employees shared with people outside the company (e.g. clients, vendors, service providers). Around 40 files contain sensitive data that have restricted access. The turnover is 5 people per year.
Together these files and folders create a complex structure. An IT security department might lack resources to detect data violations. Sometimes it takes months for anyone to spot the loss, corruption, or illegal copy of the files.
b. Multiple devices having access to OneDrive
Cloud sharing idea stemmed from an incident when a manager forgot his USB drive at work. Needless to say, his business trip wasn’t successful. Nowadays, all you need to get to your working files is a mobile device and Internet access.
Unfortunately, these practices bear a risk. A lost or stolen device can become a gate for cybercriminals.
c. Stolen credentials
Does any of the following practices ring a bell to you:
- Entering your account credentials in public (e.g. an airport or a cafe) and not noticing who’s standing behind your back?
- Using the same credentials and password for several accounts?
- Turning off two-step authentication?
- Writing down your account name and password and leaving it on your Desktop, or next to your computer, or in your wallet, bag, the mobile case?
- Sharing your credentials with others?
Any of these practices might have severe outcomes. Somebody can use your credentials to access sensitive data, copy it, delete it and/or corrupt it.
3. Ransomware threat to OneDrive backup
We have a separate article describing what ransomware is in great detail. In short, it is a “virus” that prevents you from accessing your data. Want to get it back? You’ll have to pay a ransom to cybercriminals. The cost of damage exceeded $11B in 2019 alone. And experts expect it to double in 2021.
Unfortunately, OneDrive and other cloud sync and share have no algorithm for detecting ransomware-related illicit activity. Why?
Learn what you didn’t know about OneDrive Ransomware and how it can affect your data safety.
How to backup OneDrive for business?
Unaware of threats to the integrity of their data, many companies use OneDrive as a backup until it’s too late. How can they protect themselves? Top experts in cybersecurity suggest using cloud backup tools.
We at Spin have been serving over 1M users on a daily basis for 3 years now. Many times, we’ve seen how backups of cloud sync & share tools saved our clients from downtime, ransom and IT expenditures, penalties and lawsuits, data leak and loss, as well as reputational damage.
Let’s take a look at how such software works:
Spinbackup can help you backup your OneDrive!