Ransomware has been plaguing companies and citizens for more than 25 years now, but it was not until the 21st century before the threat gained worldwide attention. It isn’t surprising, considering that the world gets more reliant on online and wireless connections every year.
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Ransomware is a kind of malicious software or malware. As its name suggests, these cyber attacks lock computers, mobile devices or files so that owners have their access restricted unless they pay a ransom. In other words, it kidnaps your data or device.
There are two types of ransomware: blockers and encryptors. The former blocks a computer or device and sends a message telling the victim to send money for the system to be unlocked, whilst the latter encrypts files and will require ransom in exchange for the decryption key.
Encryptors are also the worse of the two. Blockers can be reversed by reinstalling the OS to recover data, but encrypted files due to ransomware attacks can only be opened by their corresponding decryption keys, no matter where you transfer the files, even on a freshly reinstalled OS.
They’ve infected all operating systems, whether Linux, Windows, Apple OS, or Android. Numerous types have also appeared, all of them having their own infection tactics, file targets and ransom amounts.
Damage in Figures
As the number of smartphone users grows, mobile ransomware attacks get more prevalent as well. In fact, last 2014-2015, there were just over 35,400 mobile users who got attacked. But in 2015-2016, this number increased by almost 400% to more than 136,500 victims. What’s worse, these numbers were just Android devices.
Although iOS gadgets were relatively more secure from ransomware due to tight security in App Store, they’re far from immune. In 2015, different variants of malware spread across App Store apps such as XcodeGhost and Youmi, which infiltrated around 4,000 apps and over 250 apps, respectively. Once inside a device, they send personal credentials of the owner to the attackers, including credit card or bank details. They’re not ransomware per se, but they prove that iOS devices have been breached all the same.
Back up your files regularly, especially ones with sensitive information. It’s better if you can avoid putting these info in your device altogether, but a lot of times, people use their smartphones in jobs and other transactions so there will be corporate files and other data like credit card details, personal info, etc. in these mobiles.
In that case, be sure to back up the files in secure locations. Google made this process easier by integrating a single account from each user to be utilised on their services such as Gmail, Google Drive, Calendar, and others.
Saving backup files online in cloud storages is efficient and convenient, and their security is enhanced as often as possible through testing of groups like Cloud Security Alliance. For more safety though, Spinbackup and other cloud security programs enable users to further protect their data or restore them in case of loss due to a virus or ransomware attack.
A good rule of thumb, however, is to have a copy of your files in offline storages such as external drives as well. Just update them on a scheduled basis.
Be extra careful and avoid suspicious links or websites. Though premium smartphones have security features like Touch ID and other fingerprint scanners, these mostly work as outbound protection, i.e. for online purchases. Ransomware attacks are inbound, such that the hackers look for a security breach while you’re browsing the internet and opening websites, after which they send malware through the gap.
Remember to check and apply updates for your software. Releases like Android’s August Security Update, which comes in two patches, are crucial for the protection of your data. The first update contains major security fixes for all Android devices, while the second is for drivers and kernel-related improvements.
Consider upgrading your device as well. Some service providers have trade in options, such as O2’s Refresh for example, wherein a subscriber can swap out his/her device anytime during contract period. Getting a newer model with better security features can mean the difference in being more vulnerable or not.
Exclusively written for Spinbackup